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417 matches found in 278 documents. Search time: 0.021 seconds.
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Score: 12.00
Title: The role of altered acetyl-CoA carboxylase in conferring resistance to fenoxaprop-P-ethyl in Chinese sprangletop ( Leptochloa chinensis ( L ) Nees ) .
Author: Pornprom T Mahatamnuchoke P Usui K
Journal: Pest Manag . Sci . Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub16964592
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 2, subscore: 2.00 ]: The resistant Chinese sprangletop was found in nine rice fields , whereas the susceptible Chinese sprangletop was found in only two rice fields .
[ Sen. 5, subscore: 2.00 ]: The resistance index of resistant Chinese sprangletop was 10-25 times higher than that of the susceptible Chinese sprangletop .
[ Sen. 7, subscore: 2.00 ]: According to acetyl-CoA carboxylase ( ACCase ) assays , the level of ACCase specific activity in the resistant Chinese sprangletop was significantly higher than that in the susceptible Chinese sprangletop .
[ Sen. 8, subscore: 2.00 ]: Similarly , the ACCase activity of the resistant Chinese sprangletop was 10 times less sensitive to fenoxaprop-P-ethyl than that of the susceptible Chinese sprangletop , based on the I50 values .
[ Sen. 1, subscore: 1.00 ]: From paddy field observations in 2002 and 2004 , fenoxaprop-P-ethyl resistance in Chinese sprangletop ( Leptochloa chinensis ( L ) Nees ) has been studied using information collected from 11 sites in the Saphan-Sung district of Bangkok , Thailand .
[ Sen. 3, subscore: 1.00 ]: In greenhouse experiments , both fenoxaprop-P-ethyl-resistant and susceptible Chinese sprangletop from the same location were investigated for 50% growth reduction based on phytotoxicity , plant height and fresh and dry weight .
[ Sen. 4, subscore: 1.00 ]: The resistant Chinese sprangletop showed apparent resistance at 14-21 days after herbicide application at a rate of 21 . 1-337 . 6 g AI ha ( -1 ) .
[ Sen. 6, subscore: 1.00 ]: In addition , Chinese sprangletop did not exhibit multiple resistance to oxadiazon , propanil and quinclorac .
Score: 9.00
Title: Field study on exposure and health effects of an organophosphate pesticide for maintaining registration in the Philippines .
Author: van Sittert NJ Dumas EP .
Journal: Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub2100760
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 2, subscore: 3.00 ]: The findings of the study were as follows : exposure of uncovered hands and of the skin of the back to the concentrate was visually observed during the filling , and respectively loading operations ; During spraying exposure from airborne diluted formulation occurred ; in addition contamination of the lower parts of the body took place because of direct contact with the sprayed crop ; Determination of the amount of the urinary metabolite dimethylphosphate excreted in 24 hours urine samples demonstrated absorption of monocrotophos into the body of the spraymen .
[ Sen. 1, subscore: 2.00 ]: To support the continued use and the registration of monocrotophos , a field study was conducted at Calauan , Laguna , The Philippines , to assess exposure and the resulting health risk to 21 spraymen applying monocrotophos to rice crop by knapsack spraying during 3 consecutive days .
[ Sen. 4, subscore: 1.00 ]: However , 8 of 21 spraymen had plasma cholinesterase levels below 50% of baseline values ; --No acute adverse health effects associated with the application of monocrotophos were observed , which was in accordance with the absence of clinically significant cholinesterase depressions .
[ Sen. 5, subscore: 1.00 ]: The conclusion of the study was that the use of monocrotophos under prevailing typical conditions in the Philippines , which varies from a frequency of one application per season to a maximum of 3 applications each on 3 consecutive days per week , and where label safety instructions are not necessarily observed , is not expected to pose an acute health risk under the prevailing conditions and practices , which includes filling , spraying and cleaning activities .
[ Sen. 6, subscore: 1.00 ]: From the experience in this study it is clear that proper spraying technique and adequate use of personal protection will significantly reduce exposure .
[ Sen. 7, subscore: 1.00 ]: As such a reduction is highly recommendable , advice on proper spray procedures and adequate personal protection has been reinforced .
Score: 7.00
Title: Indoor residual spraying with alphacypermethrin controls malaria in Pakistan : a community-randomized trial
Author: Rowland M Mahmood P Iqbal J Carneiro I Chavasse D
Journal: Trop . Med . Int . Health Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub10964269
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 1, subscore: 1.00 ]: We conducted a community-randomized controlled trial in Pakistan to determine the efficacy of indoor residual spraying with alphacypermethrin ( Fendona , Cyanamid , NJ , USA ) , applied at 25 mg/m2 , to prevent falciparum and vivax malaria .
[ Sen. 6, subscore: 1.00 ]: Mosquito populations were monitored by space spraying of rooms and by cattle-landing catches .
[ Sen. 7, subscore: 1.00 ]: The spray campaign took place in June 1997 and covered 96% of compounds .
[ Sen. 8, subscore: 1.00 ]: During the 7 months after spraying , the incidence of falciparum malaria was 95% lower and that of vivax malaria 80% lower in WP-sprayed than unsprayed sectors .
[ Sen. 9, subscore: 1.00 ]: Similar results were obtained for sectors sprayed with the SC formulation .
[ Sen. 11, subscore: 1.00 ]: Anopheles culicifacies was 80% less abundant and Astephensi , the predominant anopheline , was up to 68% less abundant in sprayed areas over the 7-month period .
[ Sen. 13, subscore: 1.00 ]: Sprayed surfaces lacked odour , which contributed to the popularity of the campaign .
Score: 7.00
Title: Effects of Bacillus thuringiensis on non-target herbivore and natural enemy assemblages in tropical irrigated rice .
Author: Schoenly KG Cohen MB Barrion AT Zhang W Gaolach B Viajante VD .
Journal: Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub15612416
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 6, subscore: 2.00 ]: For whole communities of terrestrial predators and parasitoids , Bt sprays altered parasitoid richness in 3 of 3 sites and predator richness in 1 of 3 sites , as measured by rarefaction ( in half of these cases , richness was greater in Bt plots ) , while Spearman tests on ranked abundances showed that correlations , although significantly positive between all treatment pairs , were stronger for predators than for parasitoids , suggesting that parasitoid complexes may have been more sensitive than predators to the effects of Bt sprays .
[ Sen. 7, subscore: 2.00 ]: Species accumulation curves and time-series analyses of population trends revealed no evidence that Bt sprays altered the overall buildup of predator or parasitoid communities or population trajectories of non-target herbivores ( planthoppers and leafhoppers ) nor was evidence found for bottom-up effects in total abundances of non-target species identified in the food web from the addition of spores in the Bt spray formulation .
[ Sen. 3, subscore: 1.00 ]: Here we report results of a field study evaluating the effects of Bt sprays on non-target terrestrial herbivore and natural enemy assemblages from three rice ( Oryza sativa L ) fields on Luzon Island , Philippines .
[ Sen. 4, subscore: 1.00 ]: Because of restrictions on field-testing of transgenic rice , Bt sprays were used to remove foliage-feeding lepidopteran larvae that would be targeted by Bt rice .
[ Sen. 5, subscore: 1.00 ]: Data from a 546-taxa Philippines-wide food web , matched abundance plots , species accumulation curves , time-series analysis , and ecostatistical tests for species richness and ranked abundance were used to compare different subsets of non-target herbivores , predators , and parasitoids in Bt sprayed and water-sprayed ( control ) plots .
Score: 7.00
Title: [ Effects of fungicide on temporal and spatial niches of Rhizoctonia solani ]
Author: Wang Z Tan G
Journal: Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub16262065
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 5, subscore: 2.00 ]: The spatial niche breath , percentage of diseased leaves and sheathes , index of disease , and control effect all suggested that spraying fungicide two times in rice growth period was better than spraying it one time .
[ Sen. 1, subscore: 1.00 ]: This paper studied the variation of the temporal and spatial niches of rice sheath blight-causing Rhizoctonia solani under spraying fungicide .
[ Sen. 3, subscore: 1.00 ]: The spatial niche breadth of Rhizoctonia solani was 0 . 5240 when spraying fungicide at booting and full heading stages , 0 . 5742 at booting and milkfilling stages , and 0 . 8577 at tillering stage , while the control was 0 . 8563 .
[ Sen. 4, subscore: 1.00 ]: Spraying fungicide had little effect on temporal niche breath .
[ Sen. 6, subscore: 1.00 ]: Spraying fungicide at booting and full heading stages and at booting stage and milkfilling stages had the best effects .
[ Sen. 8, subscore: 1.00 ]: But , spraying fungicide only changed the distribution of the fungus niches and narrowed the niches during rice yield formation period , with no changes in the whole niches of Rhizoctonia solani .
Score: 7.00
Title: Original research : long-term efficacy and safety of periarticular hyaluronic acid in acute ankle sprain .
Author: Petrella MJ Cogliano A Petrella RJ
Journal: Phys Sportsmed Type: In-Process
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub20048489
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 9, subscore: 2.00 ]: At 24 months , in the PL versus HA group , there were 2 versus 0 lower limb fractures , 16 versus 7 second ankle sprains ( P < 0 . 05 ) , 3 versus 1 third ankle sprains , and a significantly greater number of days missing primary sport activity ( 41 vs 21 ; P < 0 . 002 ) .
[ Sen. 1, subscore: 1.00 ]: The objectives of this study were to determine the long-term efficacy and safety of periarticular hyaluronic acid ( HA ) injections in acute lateral ankle sprain .
[ Sen. 2, subscore: 1.00 ]: A randomized , controlled , prospective trial in a primary sports medicine and emergency practice involved 158 competitive athletes who suffered an acute grade 1 or 2 lateral ankle sprain , and who were randomly assigned within 48 hours of injury .
[ Sen. 5, subscore: 1.00 ]: Assessments at baseline and days 4 , 8 , 30 , 90 , and 712 included visual analogue scale ( VAS ) ( 0-10 cm ) pain on weight bearing and walking 20 m , patient global assessment of ankle injury ( 5-point categorical scale ) , patient satisfaction with treatment ( 5-point categorical scale ) , time to return to pain-free and disability-free sport , recurrent ankle sprain , total number of days missing from primary sport activity , and adverse events ( AEs ) .
[ Sen. 12, subscore: 1.00 ]: Periarticular HA treatment for acute ankle sprain was highly satisfactory in the short and long term versus PL .
[ Sen. 13, subscore: 1.00 ]: This was associated with reduced pain , more rapid return to sport , fewer recurrent ankle sprains , fewer missed days from sport , and with few associated AEs to 24 months .
Score: 7.00
Title: TEMPER : an acronym for ankle sprain rehabilitation .
Author: Rzonca EC Lue BY .
Journal: Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub3293757
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 1, subscore: 1.00 ]: As has been previously discussed , the incidence and resultant associated disabilities of ankle sprains have been well documented in the literature .
[ Sen. 2, subscore: 1.00 ]: The staggering statistics on long-term disability show that there is no such thing as a simple ankle sprain .
[ Sen. 5, subscore: 1.00 ]: One of the reasons cited for the long-term disability or lack of consistently good results in treating ankle sprains is the lack of uniformity in treatment .
[ Sen. 6, subscore: 1.00 ]: One possible reason is the lack of agreement in diagnostic techniques as well as the end diagnosis of a particular grade of ankle sprain .
[ Sen. 7, subscore: 1.00 ]: If a sprain is managed correctly , resultant disability will be kept to a minimum .
[ Sen. 12, subscore: 1.00 ]: A rational approach to the management of ankle sprains is given .
[ Sen. 13, subscore: 1.00 ]: Upon reviewing a complete protocol for ankle sprain rehabilitation , the acronym TEMPER can be used judiciously to remember the key steps in the treatment plan .
Score: 6.00
Title: Effect of growth stage on the efficacy of postemergence herbicides on four weed species of direct-seeded rice .
Author: Chauhan BS Abugho SB
Journal: ScientificWorldJournal Type: In-Process
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub22619576
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 7, subscore: 2.00 ]: The study identified that at the six-leaf stage of the weeds , fenoxaprop + ethoxysulfuron can effectively control Chinese sprangletop and southern crabgrass , penoxsulam + cyhalofop can effectively control Chinese sprangletop , and bispyribac-sodium can effectively control junglerice .
[ Sen. 1, subscore: 1.00 ]: The efficacy of bispyribac-sodium , fenoxaprop + ethoxysulfuron , and penoxsulam + cyhalofop was evaluated against barnyardgrass , Chinese sprangletop , junglerice , and southern crabgrass when applied at four- , six- , and eight-leaf stages .
[ Sen. 2, subscore: 1.00 ]: When applied at the four-leaf stage , bispyribac-sodium provided greater than 97% control of barnyardgrass , junglerice , and southern crabgrass ; however , it was slightly weak ( 74% control ) on Chinese sprangletop .
[ Sen. 4, subscore: 1.00 ]: At the same leaf stage , penoxsulam + cyhalofop controlled 89 to 100% barnyardgrass , Chinese sprangletop , and junglerice and only 54% of southern crabgrass .
[ Sen. 5, subscore: 1.00 ]: The efficacy of herbicides was reduced when applied at the eight-leaf stage of the weeds ; however , at this stage , fenoxaprop + ethoxysulfuron was effective in controlling 99% of Chinese sprangletop .
Score: 6.00
Title: [ The reconquest of the Madagascar highlands by malaria ]
Author: Mouchet J Laventure S Blanchy S Fioramonti R Rakotonjanabelo A Rabarison P Sircoulon J Roux J
Journal: Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub9410249
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 9, subscore: 1.00 ]: In 1949 a malaria eradication programme based on DDT spraying and drug chemoprophylaxis and chemotherapy was launched .
[ Sen. 10, subscore: 1.00 ]: By 1960 malaria was eliminated and DDT spraying cancelled .
[ Sen. 11, subscore: 1.00 ]: Only 3 foci were kept under surveillance with irregular spraying until 1975 .
[ Sen. 16, subscore: 1.00 ]: They show that malaria was already present on the Highlands in 1971 but at a low prevalence ; in 1980 when the "centres de nivaquinisation" were closed the number of cases increased by three times the progressive increase of the number of cases became exponential from 1986 to 1988 which was the peak of the epidemic ; malaria remained at a high level until the end of 1993 ; yearly DDT spraying since 1993 have decreased the number of malaria cases among the dispensary attendants by 90% .
[ Sen. 18, subscore: 1.00 ]: Before the epidemic started it was observed a come back of An . funestus which had been previously eliminated of most of the villages by DDT spraying .
[ Sen. 23, subscore: 1.00 ]: It is very likely that the gradual decline of control measures , first DDT spraying , later drug distributions , had the main responsibility in the Highlands drama .
Score: 5.00
Title: Floral spray transformation can efficiently generate Arabidopsis transgenic plants .
Author: Chung MH Chen MK Pan SM .
Journal: Transgenic Res . Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub11206976
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 1, subscore: 1.00 ]: In this study , floral spray and floral dip were used to replace the vacuum step in the Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of a superoxide dismutase ( SOD ) gene into Arabidopsis .
[ Sen. 4, subscore: 1.00 ]: When Arabidopsis plants started to initiate flower buds , the primary inflorescence shoots were removed and then transformed by floral spray or floral dip .
[ Sen. 5, subscore: 1.00 ]: More than 300 transgenic plants were generated to assess the feasibility of floral spray used in the in planta transformation .
[ Sen. 6, subscore: 1.00 ]: The result indicates that the floral spray method of Agrobacterium can achieve rates of in planta transformation comparable to the vacuum-infiltration and floral dip methods .
[ Sen. 7, subscore: 1.00 ]: The floral spray method opens up the possibility of in planta transformation of plant species which are too large for dipping or vacuum infiltration .

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