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18 matches found in 8 documents. Search time: 0.266 seconds.
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Score: 6.00
Title: Development of submergence-tolerant rice cultivars : the Sub1 locus and beyond .
Author: Septiningsih EM Pamplona AM Sanchez DL Neeraja CN Vergara GV Heuer S Ismail AM Mackill DJ
Journal: Ann Bot ( Lond ) Citation: V : 103 P : 151-60 Year: 2009 Type: MEDLINE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub18974101 Accession (PMID): 18974101
Abstract: BACKGROUND AND AIMS : Submergence is a recurring problem in the rice-producing rainfed lowlands of south and south-east Asia . Developing rice cultivars with tolerance of submergence and with agronomic and quality traits acceptable to farmers is a feasible approach to address this problem . The objectives of this study were to ( a ) develop mega varieties with Sub1 introgression that are submergence tolerant , ( b ) assess the performance of Sub1 in different genetic backgrounds , ( c ) determine the roles of the Sub1A and Sub1C genes in conferring tolerance , and ( d ) assess the level of tolerance in F ( 1 ) hybrids heterozygous for the Sub1A-1-tolerant allele . METHODS : Tolerant varieties were developed by marker-assisted backcrossing through two or three backcrosses , and their performance was evaluated to determine the effect of Sub1 in different genetic backgrounds . The roles of Sub1A and Sub1C in conferring the tolerant phenotype were further investigated using recombinants identified within the Sub1 gene cluster based on survival and gene expression data . KEY RESULTS : All mega varieties with Sub1 introgression had a significantly higher survival rate than the original parents . An intolerant Sub1C allele combined with the tolerant Sub1A-1 allele did not significantly reduce the level of tolerance , and the Sub1C-1 expression appeared to be independent of the Sub1A allele ; however , even when Sub1C-1 expression is completely turned off in the presence of Sub1A-2 , plants remained intolerant . Survival rates and Sub1A expression were significantly lower in heterozygotes compared with the homozygous tolerant parent . CONCLUSIONS : Sub1 provided a substantial enhancement in the level of tolerance of all the sensitive mega varieties . Sub1A is confirmed as the primary contributor to tolerance , while Sub1C alleles do not seem important . Lack of dominance of Sub1 suggests that the Sub1A-1 allele should be carried by both parents for developing tolerant rice hybrids .
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 7, subscore: 3.00 ]: An intolerant Sub1C allele combined with the tolerant Sub1A-1 allele did not significantly reduce the level of tolerance , and the Sub1C-1 expression appeared to be independent of the Sub1A allele ; however , even when Sub1C-1 expression is completely turned off in the presence of Sub1A-2 , plants remained intolerant .
[ Sen. 3, subscore: 1.00 ]: The objectives of this study were to ( a ) develop mega varieties with Sub1 introgression that are submergence tolerant , ( b ) assess the performance of Sub1 in different genetic backgrounds , ( c ) determine the roles of the Sub1A and Sub1C genes in conferring tolerance , and ( d ) assess the level of tolerance in F ( 1 ) hybrids heterozygous for the Sub1A-1-tolerant allele .
[ Sen. 5, subscore: 1.00 ]: The roles of Sub1A and Sub1C in conferring the tolerant phenotype were further investigated using recombinants identified within the Sub1 gene cluster based on survival and gene expression data .
[ Sen. 10, subscore: 1.00 ]: Sub1A is confirmed as the primary contributor to tolerance , while Sub1C alleles do not seem important .
Supplemental links/files: reference in endnote online text related articles pubmed citation
Score: 4.00
Title: A variable cluster of ethylene response factor-like genes regulates metabolic and developmental acclimation responses to submergence in rice .
Author: Fukao T Xu K Ronald PC Bailey-Serres J
Journal: Plant Cell Citation: V : 18 ( 8 ) P : 2021-34 Year: 2006 Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub16816135 Accession (PMID): 16816135
Abstract: Submergence-1 ( Sub1 ) , a major quantitative trait locus affecting tolerance to complete submergence in lowland rice ( Oryza sativa ) , contains two or three ethylene response factor ( ERF ) -like genes whose transcripts are regulated by submergence . In the submergence-intolerant japonica cultivar M202 , this locus encodes two ERF genes , Sub1B and Sub1C . In the tolerant near-isogenic line containing the Sub1 locus from the indica FR13A , M202 ( Sub1 ) , the locus additionally encodes the ERF gene Sub1A . During submergence , the tolerant M202 ( Sub1 ) displayed restrained leaf and internode elongation , chlorophyll degradation , and carbohydrate consumption , whereas the enzymatic activities of pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase were increased significantly compared with the intolerant M202 . Transcript levels of genes associated with carbohydrate consumption , ethanolic fermentation , and cell expansion were distinctly regulated in the two lines . Sub1A and Sub1C transcript levels were shown to be upregulated by submergence and ethylene , with the Sub1C allele in M202 also upregulated by treatment with gibberellic acid ( GA ) . These findings demonstrate that the Sub1 region haplotype determines ethylene and GA-mediated metabolic and developmental responses to submergence through differential expression of Sub1A and Sub1C . Submergence tolerance in lowland rice is conferred by a specific allele variant of Sub1A that dampens ethylene production and GA responsiveness , causing quiescence in growth that correlates with the capacity for regrowth upon desubmergence .
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 6, subscore: 2.00 ]: Sub1A and Sub1C transcript levels were shown to be upregulated by submergence and ethylene , with the Sub1C allele in M202 also upregulated by treatment with gibberellic acid ( GA ) .
[ Sen. 2, subscore: 1.00 ]: In the submergence-intolerant japonica cultivar M202 , this locus encodes two ERF genes , Sub1B and Sub1C .
[ Sen. 7, subscore: 1.00 ]: These findings demonstrate that the Sub1 region haplotype determines ethylene and GA-mediated metabolic and developmental responses to submergence through differential expression of Sub1A and Sub1C .
Supplemental links/files: reference in endnote online text related articles pubmed citation
Score: 4.00
Title: Expression of rice SUB1A and SUB1C transcription factors in Arabidopsis uncovers flowering inhibition as a submergence tolerance mechanism .
Author: Pena-Castro JM van Zanten M Lee SC Patel MR Voesenek LA Fukao T Bailey-Serres J
Journal: Plant J Citation: V : 67 P : 434-46 Year: 2011 Type: MEDLINE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub21481028 Accession (PMID): 21481028
Abstract: Submergence of plant organs perturbs homeostasis by limiting diffusion of oxygen , carbon dioxide and ethylene . In rice ( Oryza sativa L ) , the haplotype at the multigenic SUBMERGENCE1 ( SUB1 ) locus determines whether plants survive prolonged submergence . SUB1 encodes two or three transcription factors of the group VII ethylene response factor family : SUB1A , SUB1B and SUB1C . The presence of SUB1A-1 and its strong submergence-triggered ethylene-mediated induction confers submergence tolerance through a quiescence survival strategy that inhibits gibberellin ( GA ) -induced carbohydrate consumption and elongation growth . SUB1C is invariably present and acts downstream of the enhancement of GA responsiveness during submergence . In this study , heterologous ectopic expression of rice SUB1A and SUB1C in Arabidopsis thaliana was used to explore conserved mechanisms of action associated with these genes using developmental , physiological and molecular metrics . As in rice transgenic plants that ectopically express SUB1A-1 , Arabidopsis transgenic plants that constitutively express SUB1A displayed GA insensitivity and abscisic acid hypersensitivity . Ectopic SUB1C expression had more limited effects on development , stress responses and the transcriptome . Observation of a delayed flowering phenotype in lines over-expressing SUB1A led to the finding that inhibition of floral initiation is a component of the quiescence survival strategy in rice . Together , these analyses demonstrate conserved as well as specific roles for group VII ethylene response factors in integration of abiotic responses with development .
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 3, subscore: 1.00 ]: SUB1 encodes two or three transcription factors of the group VII ethylene response factor family : SUB1A , SUB1B and SUB1C .
[ Sen. 5, subscore: 1.00 ]: SUB1C is invariably present and acts downstream of the enhancement of GA responsiveness during submergence .
[ Sen. 6, subscore: 1.00 ]: In this study , heterologous ectopic expression of rice SUB1A and SUB1C in Arabidopsis thaliana was used to explore conserved mechanisms of action associated with these genes using developmental , physiological and molecular metrics .
[ Sen. 8, subscore: 1.00 ]: Ectopic SUB1C expression had more limited effects on development , stress responses and the transcriptome .
Supplemental links/files: reference in endnote online text related articles pubmed citation
Score: 2.00
Title: Sub1A is an ethylene-response-factor-like gene that confers submergence tolerance to rice .
Author: Xu K Xu X Fukao T Canlas P Maghirang-Rodriguez R Heuer S Ismail AM Bailey-Serres J Ronald PC Mackill DJ .
Journal: Nature Citation: V : 442 ( 7103 ) P : 705-8 Year: 2006 Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub16900200 Accession (PMID): 16900200
Abstract: Most Oryza sativa cultivars die within a week of complete submergence--a major constraint to rice production in south and southeast Asia that causes annual losses of over US 1 billion dollars and affects disproportionately the poorest farmers in the world . A few cultivars , such as the O sativa ssp . indica cultivar FR13A , are highly tolerant and survive up to two weeks of complete submergence owing to a major quantitative trait locus designated Submergence 1 ( Sub1 ) near the centromere of chromosome 9 ( refs 3 , 4 , 5-6 ) . Here we describe the identification of a cluster of three genes at the Sub1 locus , encoding putative ethylene response factors . Two of these genes , Sub1B and Sub1C , are invariably present in the Sub1 region of all rice accessions analysed . In contrast , the presence of Sub1A is variable . A survey identified two alleles within those indica varieties that possess this gene : a tolerance-specific allele named Sub1A-1 and an intolerance-specific allele named Sub1A-2 . Overexpression of Sub1A-1 in a submergence-intolerant O sativa ssp . japonica conferred enhanced tolerance to the plants , downregulation of Sub1C and upregulation of Alcohol dehydrogenase 1 ( Adh1 ) , indicating that Sub1A-1 is a primary determinant of submergence tolerance . The FR13A Sub1 locus was introgressed into a widely grown Asian rice cultivar using marker-assisted selection . The new variety maintains the high yield and other agronomic properties of the recurrent parent and is tolerant to submergence . Cultivation of this variety is expected to provide protection against damaging floods and increase crop security for farmers .
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 4, subscore: 1.00 ]: Two of these genes , Sub1B and Sub1C , are invariably present in the Sub1 region of all rice accessions analysed .
[ Sen. 7, subscore: 1.00 ]: Overexpression of Sub1A-1 in a submergence-intolerant O sativa ssp . japonica conferred enhanced tolerance to the plants , downregulation of Sub1C and upregulation of Alcohol dehydrogenase 1 ( Adh1 ) , indicating that Sub1A-1 is a primary determinant of submergence tolerance .
Supplemental links/files: reference in endnote online text related articles pubmed citation
Score: 2.00
Title: Evolutionary analysis of the Sub1 gene cluster that confers submergence tolerance to domesticated rice .
Author: Fukao T Harris T Bailey-Serres J
Journal: Ann Bot ( Lond ) Citation: V : 103 P : 143-50 Year: 2009 Type: MEDLINE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub18824474 Accession (PMID): 18824474
Abstract: BACKGROUND AND AIMS : Tolerance of complete submergence is recognized in a small number of accessions of domesticated Asian rice ( Oryza sativa ) and can be conferred by the Sub1A-1 gene of the polygenic Submergence-1 ( Sub1 ) locus . In all O sativa varieties , the Sub1 locus encodes the ethylene-responsive factor ( ERF ) genes Sub1B and Sub1C . A third paralogous ERF gene , Sub1A , is limited to a subset of indica accessions . It is thought that O sativa was domesticated from the gene pools of the wild perennial species O rufipogon Griff . and/or the annual species O nivara Sharma et Shastry . The aim of this study was to evaluate the orthologues of the Sub1 locus in the closest relatives of O sativa to provide insight into the origin of the gene and allelic variation of the Sub1 locus . METHODS : Orthologues of the Sub1 genes were isolated from O rufipogon and O nivara by use of oligonucleotide primers corresponding to the most highly conserved regions of the Sub1 genes of domesticated rice . The phylogenetic relatedness of Sub1 genes of O sativa and its wild relatives was evaluated . KEY RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS : Both O rufipogon and O nivara possess two Sub1 gene orthologues with strong sequence identity to the Sub1B and Sub1C alleles of cultivated rice . The phylogeny of the Sub1 genes of the domesticated and wild rice suggests that Sub1A arose from duplication of Sub1B . Variation in Sub1B alleles is correlated with the absence or presence of Sub1A . Together , the results indicate that genetic variation at the Sub1 locus is due to gene duplication and divergence that have occurred both prior to and after rice domestication .
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 2, subscore: 1.00 ]: In all O sativa varieties , the Sub1 locus encodes the ethylene-responsive factor ( ERF ) genes Sub1B and Sub1C .
[ Sen. 8, subscore: 1.00 ]: KEY RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS : Both O rufipogon and O nivara possess two Sub1 gene orthologues with strong sequence identity to the Sub1B and Sub1C alleles of cultivated rice .
Supplemental links/files: reference in endnote online text related articles pubmed citation
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