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81 matches found in 74 documents. Search time: 0.488 seconds.
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Score: 3.00
Title: Comparison of selenium status between Japanese living in Tokyo and Japanese brazilians in So Paulo , Brazil .
Author: Karita K Hamada GS Tsugane S
Journal: Citation: V : 10 ( 3 ) P : 197-9 Year: Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub11708308 Accession (PMID): 11708308
Abstract: Selenium ( Se ) concentrations were determined in human serum , rice and wheat flour sampled in the city of So Paulo , Brazil , and compared with those sampled in Tokyo . Japan . Serum levels of Se were significantly lower in Japanese Brazilians than Japanese living in Tokyo . The samples of rice consumed by Japanese Brazilians in So Paulo contained 22 . 7 ng Se/g on average , which was about half the selenium level in rice consumed in Tokyo . Rice commonly consumed in So Paulo might be one of the factors to lower the serum level of Se .
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 1, subscore: 1.00 ]: Selenium ( Se ) concentrations were determined in human serum , rice and wheat flour sampled in the city of So Paulo , Brazil , and compared with those sampled in Tokyo . Japan . Serum levels of Se were significantly lower in Japanese Brazilians than Japanese living in Tokyo .
[ Sen. 2, subscore: 1.00 ]: The samples of rice consumed by Japanese Brazilians in So Paulo contained 22 . 7 ng Se/g on average , which was about half the selenium level in rice consumed in Tokyo .
[ Sen. 3, subscore: 1.00 ]: Rice commonly consumed in So Paulo might be one of the factors to lower the serum level of Se .
Supplemental links/files: reference in endnote online text related articles pubmed citation
Score: 2.00
Title: Identification of dietary patterns using factor analysis in an epidemiological study in So Paulo .
Author: Marchioni DM Latorre Mdo R Eluf-Neto J WEsch-Filho V Fisberg RM .
Journal: Citation: V : 123 ( 3 ) P : 124-7 Year: 2005 Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub16021275 Accession (PMID): 16021275
Abstract: CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE : Diet and nutrition are environmental factors in health/disease relationships . From the epidemiological viewpoint , diet represents a complex set of highly correlated exposures . Our objective was to identify patterns of food intake in a group of individuals living in So Paulo , and to develop objective dietary measurements for epidemiological purposes . DESIGN AND LOCAL : Exploratory factor analysis of data in a case-control study in seven teaching hospitals in So Paulo . METHODS : The participants were 517 patients ( 260 oral cancer cases and 257 controls ) admitted to the study hospitals between November 1998 and March 2001 . The weekly intake frequencies for dairy products , cereals , meat , processed meat , vegetables , pulses , fruits and sweets were assessed by means of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire . Dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis , based on the intake of the eight food groups , using principal component analysis as an extraction method followed by varimax rotation . RESULTS : Factor analysis identified three patterns that accounted for 55% of the total variability within the sample . The first pattern ( "prudent" ) was characterized by vegetable , fruit and meat intake ; the second ( "traditional" ) by cereals ( mainly rice ) and pulses ( mainly beans ) ; and the third ( "snacks" ) by dairy products and processed meat . CONCLUSION : This study identified food intake patterns through an a posteriori approach . Such analysis may be useful for nutritional intervention programs and , after computing scores for each individual according to the patterns identified , for establishing a relationship between diet and other epidemiological measurements of interest
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 3, subscore: 1.00 ]: Our objective was to identify patterns of food intake in a group of individuals living in So Paulo , and to develop objective dietary measurements for epidemiological purposes .
[ Sen. 4, subscore: 1.00 ]: DESIGN AND LOCAL : Exploratory factor analysis of data in a case-control study in seven teaching hospitals in So Paulo .
Supplemental links/files: reference in endnote online text related articles pubmed citation
Score: 2.00
Title: Trichoderma theobromicola and T paucisporum : two new species isolated from cacao in South America .
Author: Samuels GJ Suarez C Solis K Holmes KA Thomas SE Ismaiel A Evans HC .
Journal: Mycol . Res . Citation: V : 110 ( Pt 4 ) P : 381-92 Year: 2006 Type: ARTICLE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub16621496 Accession (PMID): 16621496
Abstract: Trichoderma theobromicola and T paucisporum spp . nov . are described . Trichoderma theobromicola was isolated as an endophyte from the trunk of a healthy cacao tree ( Theobroma cacao , Malvaceae ) in Amazonian Peru ; it sporulates profusely on common mycological media . Trichoderma paucisporum is represented by two cultures that were obtained in Ecuador from cacao pods partially infected with frosty pod rot , Moniliophthora roreri ; it sporulates sporadically and most cultures remain sterile on common media and autoclaved rice . It sporulates more reliably on synthetic low-nutrient agar ( SNA ) but produces few conidia . Trichoderma theobromicola was reintroduced into cacao seedlings through shoot inoculation and was recovered from stems but not from leaves , indicating that it is an endophytic species . Both produced a volatile/diffusable antibiotic that inhibited development of M roreri in vitro and on-pod trials . Neither species demonstrated significant direct in vitro mycoparasitic activity against M roreri .
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 1, subscore: 1.00 ]: Trichoderma theobromicola and T paucisporum spp . nov . are described .
[ Sen. 3, subscore: 1.00 ]: Trichoderma paucisporum is represented by two cultures that were obtained in Ecuador from cacao pods partially infected with frosty pod rot , Moniliophthora roreri ; it sporulates sporadically and most cultures remain sterile on common media and autoclaved rice .
Supplemental links/files: reference in endnote online text related articles pubmed citation
Score: 2.00
Title: Steroidal constituents of rice ( Rryza sativa ) hulls with algicidal and herbicidal activity against blue-green algae and duckweed .
Author: Chung IM Ali M Ahmad A Chun SC Kim JT Sultana S Kim JS Min SK Seo BR
Journal: Phytochem Anal Citation: V : 18 P : 133-45 Year: 2007 Type: MEDLINE
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub17439014 Accession (PMID): 17439014
Abstract: Two new compounds , 14-methyl stigmast-9 ( 11 ) -en-3alpha-ol-3beta-D-glucopyranoside ( 1 ) and cholest-11-en-3beta , 6beta , 7alpha , 22beta-tetraol-24-one-3beta-palmitoleate ( 2 ) , along with the known compound beta-sitosteryl-3beta-D-glucopyranosyl-6-linoleiate ( 3 ) , were isolated from the methanolic extract of rice ( Oryza sativa ) hulls . The structures of the two new compounds were elucidated using one and two-dimensional NMR in combination with IR , EI/MS , FAB/MS , HR-EI/MS and HR-FAB/MS . In bioassays with blue-green algae , Microcystis aeruginosa UTEX 2388 and duckweed , Lemna paucicostata Hegelm 381 , the efficacy of bioactivity of the two new compounds linearly increased as the concentration increased from 0 . 3 to 300 IgM . Compared with momilactone A , compounds 1 and 2 showed similar and higher inhibitory activities against the growth of M aeruginosa at a concentration of 300 microM . However , compound 2 was similar to momilactone A in inhibiting L paucicostata growth at a concentration of 300 microM . As a result , compound 2 appears to have a strong potential for the environmentally friendly control of weed and algae that are harmful to water-logged rice .
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 3, subscore: 1.00 ]: In bioassays with blue-green algae , Microcystis aeruginosa UTEX 2388 and duckweed , Lemna paucicostata Hegelm 381 , the efficacy of bioactivity of the two new compounds linearly increased as the concentration increased from 0 . 3 to 300 IgM .
[ Sen. 5, subscore: 1.00 ]: However , compound 2 was similar to momilactone A in inhibiting L paucicostata growth at a concentration of 300 microM .
Supplemental links/files: reference in endnote online text related articles pubmed citation
Score: 2.00
Title: Aflatoxin contamination in stored rice variety PAU 201 collected from Punjab , India .
Author: Siruguri V Kumar PU Raghu P Rao MV Sesikeran B Toteja GS Gupta P Rao S Satyanarayana K Katoch VM Bharaj TS Mangat GS Sharma N Sandhu JS Bhargav VK Rani S
Journal: Indian J Med Res Citation: V : 136 P : 89-97 Year: 2012 Type: In-Data-Review
Literature: oryza Field: abstract Doc ID: pub22885269 Accession (PMID): 22885269
Abstract: Background & objectives : The present study was carried out on stored rice variety PAU 201 in Punjab that was not permitted for milling and public distribution due to the presence of damaged grains at levels exceeding the regulatory limits of 4 . 75 per cent . The aim of the study was to determine fungal and aflatoxin contamination in the rice samples to assess hazard from the presence of damaged grains . Presence of iron in discoloured rice grains was also assessed . Methods : Stored samples of paddy of PAU 201 rice variety were collected from six districts of Punjab , milled and analysed for presence of fungal and aflatoxin contamination . Scanning electron microscopy ( SEM ) , energy dispersive X-ray ( EDX ) analysis and Prussian blue staining was used to determine fungal spores and presence of iron , respectively . Results : Aflatoxin analysis of rice samples indicated that none exceeded the Food Safety and Standards ( Contaminants , Toxins and Residues ) Regulations , 2011 tolerance limit of 30 mug/kg and majority of the samples had levels <15 mug/kg . The proportion of damaged grains exceeding the limit of 5 per cent was observed in 85 . 7 per cent of the samples . SEM and Prussian blue staining and EDX analysis of black tipped and pin point damaged rice grains did not show presence of fungal structures and presence of iron . Interpretation & conclusions : The results of the study indicated that the stored rice samples did not pose any health concern with respect to aflatoxin contamination as per the criteria laid down by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India .
Matching Sentences:
[ Sen. 1, subscore: 1.00 ]: Background & objectives : The present study was carried out on stored rice variety PAU 201 in Punjab that was not permitted for milling and public distribution due to the presence of damaged grains at levels exceeding the regulatory limits of 4 . 75 per cent .
[ Sen. 4, subscore: 1.00 ]: Methods : Stored samples of paddy of PAU 201 rice variety were collected from six districts of Punjab , milled and analysed for presence of fungal and aflatoxin contamination .
Supplemental links/files: reference in endnote online text related articles pubmed citation
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